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Essay Writing Explained: The Only Guide to Essay Writing You’ll Ever Need

Have you ever stared at a blank page, wondering how on Earth you’re going to write an essay? Or maybe you’ve started writing, but your essay is going nowhere fast. If so, you’re not alone. Essay writing can be tough. But it doesn’t have to be.

Essay writing is a skill that takes time and practice to master. But luckily, you’ve come to the right place. This guide is the only one you’ll ever need to write amazing essays.

That’s why we’re here to help. In this blog post, we are going to share with you the only guide to essay writing you’ll ever need.


Now, we know what you’re thinking: “Another essay writing guide? There are a million of them out there.” But trust us, this one is different. It’s not full of boring, dry advice. Instead, it’s packed with practical tips and expert knowledge that will help you write essays that are both informative and engaging.

So whether you’re a high school student struggling to pass your English class or a college student facing a mountain of research papers, this guide is for you. I’ll teach you everything you need to know about essay writing, from brainstorming ideas to crafting a memorable conclusion.


Why should you listen to us?

We’re not just any essay writing service. We’re the experts. British Essay Writers has helped thousands of students write amazing essays that have gotten them accepted into their dream schools and earned them top grades.

Our experts know what it takes to write a great essay, being proficient in the structure, the style, and the content that teachers and professors are looking for.

And we’re here to share our knowledge with you.

So. let’s get started, shall we?


Section 1: What are essays?

Essays are pieces of writing that explore a particular topic or issue. They can be used to inform, persuade, or entertain the reader. Essays are typically written in prose and can be formal or informal in tone.

Essays are often written for academic purposes, but they can also be written for more general audiences. For example, you might write an essay for a class, or you might write an essay for a blog or magazine.

An essay is of many types. Continue reading below to discover them!


Different types of essays

There are many different types of essays, but some of the most common types include:

  1. Argumentative essays: Argumentative essays present a thesis statement and then use evidence to support that thesis.
  2. Persuasive essays: Persuasive essays are similar to argumentative essays, but they focus on persuading the reader to agree with the writer’s point of view.
  3. Expository essays: Expository essays explain a topic or issue in a clear and concise way.
  4. Admissions essays: Admissions essays are typically written for college applications. They are used to introduce the applicant to the admissions committee and to highlight the applicant’s strengths and accomplishments.
  5. Compare-and-contrast essays: Compare-and-contrast essays compare and contrast two or more things.
  6. Analytical essays: Analytical essays analyze a topic or issue in depth.
  7. Narrative essays: Narrative essays tell a story.


Which type of essay should I write?

The type of essay you should write depends on the purpose of your essay. If you are writing an essay for a class, your instructor will likely tell you what type to write. If you are writing an essay for a blog or magazine, you can choose the type of essay that you think will be most interesting to your readers.

Here are some examples of topics that you could write about for each type of essay:

  • Argumentative essay: Should the minimum wage be raised?
  • Persuasive essay: Why should you vote in the next election?
  • Expository essay: How does a car engine work?
  • Admissions essay: How has your experience as a volunteer changed you?
  • Compare-and-contrast essay: Compare and contrast the two main political parties in the United Kingdom.
  • Analytical essay: Analyze the poetry of Emily Dickinson.
  • Narrative essay: Write about a time when you overcame a challenge.


Section 2: Essay structure

An essay structure is a framework that helps you organize your ideas in a clear and logical way. Choosing the right structure for your essay is important, as this will help you achieve your desired outcome.

There are many different types of essay structure, but some of the most common include:


3-Paragraph Essay

The three-paragraph essay is a common structure for short essays and opinion pieces. It is also a good choice for students new to essay writing.

It comprises an introductory paragraph, a body paragraph, and a conclusion.



Example of a 3-paragraph Essay
Topic: The benefits of exercise
Introduction: Engaging in physical activity is vital for maintaining good health and well-being. People exercise for diverse reasons, including physical fitness, skill development, weight management, and overall enjoyment. Regular exercise not only strengthens muscles and the cardiovascular system but also boosts the immune system, preventing chronic diseases like heart disease and diabetes. Furthermore, it enhances mental health and improves mood, quality of sleep, and energy levels. In this essay, we will explore the multifaceted benefits of exercise, highlighting its positive impact on both physical and mental health.
Body paragraph: One of the main benefits of exercise is that it improves physical health. Exercise contributes to strengthening the heart and lungs, improves circulation, and reduces the risk of chronic diseases like heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and obesity. Exercise also helps build muscle mass and bone density, reducing the risk of injuries and osteoporosis.
Another major benefit of exercise is that it improves mental health. Exercise causes our brain to release endorphins, which have positive effects on psychological health. It also helps in reducing stress, anxiety, and depression. Moreover, regular exercise can also improve sleep quality and increase energy levels.
Conclusion: Exercise is an essential part of a healthy lifestyle. It has many advantages for an individual’s physical as well as mental health. If you are not exercising, I encourage you to start a regular exercise program. Even a small amount of exercise can significantly affect your overall health and well-being.


5-Paragraph Essay

The 5-paragraph essay structure is a more complex structure than the 3-paragraph structure, but it is also more versatile. It is well-suited for longer essays and for essays that require more detail and development.

It consists of a total of 5 paragraphs (it can be more than that as per requirement). It has an introduction, three body paragraphs and a conclusion.


Example of a 5-paragraph Essay
Topic: The causes of the American Civil War
Introduction: The American Civil War is a bloodstained conflict in American history, resulting in the deaths of over 600,000 people. The war occurred between the Northern United States (the Union) and the Southern United States (the Confederacy) from 1861 to 1865. Among many reasons that led to this unfortunate event was the issue of slavery, as the southern states were dependent on slavery for their economy, while the northern states were increasingly opposed to slavery. Other causes of the war included states’ rights and economic differences.
Body paragraph 1: The issue of slavery was the most divisive issue between the North and the South. The North was largely industrialized and had a relatively small enslaved population. The South, on the other hand, was largely agricultural and had a large enslaved population. The South feared that if slavery was abolished, their economy would collapse.
Body paragraph 2: There were also significant economic differences between the North and the South. The North was industrialized and had a strong manufacturing sector. The South, on the other hand, was agricultural and relied on exports of cotton and other crops. The South felt that the federal government was favouring the North with tariffs and other economic policies.
Body paragraph 3: The issue of states’ rights was also a major factor in the Civil War. The South believed that the federal government should have limited power and that the states should have more autonomy. The North, on the other hand, believed that the federal government should have more power to regulate commerce and other matters.
Conclusion: The American Civil War was caused by a number of factors, including the issue of slavery, economic differences between the North and the South, and states’ rights. These factors led to a deep division between the two regions and, ultimately, to war.


Other types of essay structure include:

Cause and effect essay structure: This type of essay structure is used to explain the causes and effects of an event or phenomenon.

Problem-solution essay structure: This type of essay structure is used to identify a problem and then propose a solution.

Chronological essay structure: This type of essay structure is used to describe a series of events in the order in which they happened.

Spatial essay structure: This type of essay structure is used to describe a place or object in terms of its physical features and spatial relationships.


Which type of essay structure should you use?

The type of essay structure you choose depends on the purpose of your essay and the length requirements. If you are writing a short essay that needs to be written quickly, the 3-paragraph essay structure is a good choice.

But if you are writing a longer essay that needs to be more in-depth and persuasive, the 5-paragraph essay structure is a good choice.

When choosing an essay structure, it is important to consider the following factors:

  • Your topic: What is your essay about? Is it a complex topic that requires a lot of explanation? Or is it a simple topic that can be explained in a few paragraphs?
  • Your purpose: What do you want to achieve with your essay? Do you want to persuade the reader to adopt a particular point of view? Or do you simply want to inform the reader about a topic?
  • Your audience: Who are you writing for? What is their level of knowledge about your topic?

No matter which type of essay structure you choose, it is important to make sure your essay is well-organized and easy to read. Now, let’s move on to the next section of our blog, which will let you in on the basic process of essay writing.

Let’s go!


Section 3: The Essay Writing Process

The process of essay writing can be broken down into five main steps: brainstorming, preparing, drafting, revising, and proofreading.


What is brainstorming?

Brainstorming is the process of generating ideas for your essay. It is a good way to get your thoughts flowing and to come up with new perspectives on your topic.

How to brainstorm:

There are many different ways to brainstorm. One popular method is to write down all of your thoughts about your topic, no matter how crazy or irrelevant they may seem. Once you have a list of all ideas, group them together and identify the main themes that emerge.

Another way to brainstorm is to mind map. To create a mind map, begin by writing down your topic in the centre of a piece of paper. Then, draw branches off the centre and write related ideas on each branch. You can continue to add branches and ideas until you have a complete map of your topic.



What is preparing?

After you have brainstormed and understand your topic well, you need to start preparing to write your essay. This includes doing research, gathering evidence, and creating an outline.

How to prepare:

If you are writing an academic essay, you will need to do research on your topic. This may involve reading books, articles, and other scholarly sources. You should also gather evidence to support your thesis statement. This evidence could include facts, statistics, quotes from experts, or examples from your own experience.

Once you have researched and gathered your evidence, you should create an outline. An outline is a plan for your essay. It will help you map out your essay and ensure it is well-structured.



What is drafting?

The drafting stage is where you actually start writing your essay. This is the stage where you will put your ideas and evidence into a coherent and persuasive argument.

How to draft:

Don’t worry about making your draft perfect. All you need to focus on at this stage is to get your ideas down on paper (or on the computer screen). Furthermore, try to write in your own voice instead of trying to sound like someone you’re not.



What is revising?

In the revising stage, you take your draft essay and improve it. This is the time to check for grammar and spelling errors, to improve your sentence structure, and to make sure that your essay is well-organized and easy to read.

How to revise:

When revising your essay, read it carefully several times. You should also check for any areas where your sentence structure could be improved.

After being well-informed of your shortcomings and areas of improvement, you once again begin writing your essay from scratch. This time, you write carefully, ensuring your essay is well-organized and easy to read. Each paragraph should focus on a different main point, and the essay should flow smoothly from one paragraph to the next.



What is proofreading?

Proofreading is the final stage of the essay writing process. This is the time to check for any last-minute errors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

How to proofread:

When proofreading your essay, read it slowly and carefully. Look for any errors in grammar, spelling, or punctuation. You can also ask your teacher or a professional editor to proofread your essay for you.

But wait! The story doesn’t end here. There are many other tiny steps that make up these major phases of essay writing. Let’s discuss in detail what the steps in essay writing are.

Read on to find out!


Section 4: Steps to Writing an Essay

Tiny man sitting on chair with laptop on checklist background. Hand ticking to do list flat vector illustration. Organizer, productivity, concept for banner, website design or landing web page

While writing an essay, make a checklist of the following steps to make sure you are

1.      Writing the introduction

The introduction is the first part of your essay, and it is important to make a good first impression. The introduction should grab the reader’s attention, provide background on your topic, and present your thesis statement.


Grab the reader’s attention.

You can grab the reader’s attention in a number of ways, such as:

  • Asking a question
  • Making a bold statement
  • Telling a story
  • Quoting an expert
  • Using a statistic
  • Provide background on your topic

Once you have grabbed the reader’s attention, you need to provide some background on your topic. This will help the reader to understand what your essay is about.

Present the thesis statement.

At the end of your introduction paragraph, you present your essay’s main idea, a.k.a thesis statement. It is usually a single sentence, no more than two, concise and to the point, giving the reader a clear idea of the essay.

Example of an essay introduction

Hook: Did you know that the average person spends over 11 hours a day looking at a screen?

Background: In today’s digital world, it is more important than ever to be aware of the impact of screen time on our health.

Thesis statement: This essay argues that excessive screen time can have a negative impact on our physical, mental, and emotional health.


2.      Writing the main body

The main body of your essay is where you will develop your argument and provide evidence to support your thesis statement. The main body should be divided into paragraphs, each of which should focus on one main idea.

Paragraph structure

Each paragraph in the main body of your essay should have the following structure:

  • Topic sentence: It states the paragraph’s main idea.
  • Supporting evidence: The supporting evidence should support the topic sentence. This can include facts, statistics, quotes from experts, or examples from your own experience.
  • Concluding sentence: The concluding sentence should summarize the main points of the paragraph and transition to the next paragraph.

Length of the body text

The length of the body text will vary depending on the scope of your topic and the complexity of your essay. However, a good rule of thumb is to have at least three body paragraphs, each being at least 200- 400 words long.


3.      Writing the conclusion

The conclusion is the last part of your essay; it is your chance to leave the reader with a final thought. In conclusion, wrap up the main points of your essay and restate your thesis statement. You can also use the conclusion to draw a larger implication about your topic or to call the reader to action.

Example conclusion

Summary: In conclusion, this essay has argued that excessive screen time can have an adverse impact on our physical, mental, and emotional health.

Reiteration of thesis statement: We have seen that screen time can lead to obesity, sleep problems, and mental health issues such as anxiety and depression.

Call to action: It is important to be aware of the potential negative effects of screen time and to take steps to reduce our screen time. We can do this by setting limits on our screen time, taking breaks from screens, and engaging in other activities that do not involve screens.


Section 5 How to Write a Good Essay


Writing a good essay is a skill that takes time and practice to develop. However, there are a few key things that you can do to improve your essay-writing skills.

1.      Understand the question

The first step in writing a good essay is to make sure that you understand the question. Read the essay question carefully and identify the main points. If you are unsure about what the question is asking, ask your teacher or professor for clarification.


2.      Gather resources

Always remember to gather resources to support your essay. This may involve reading books, articles, or other sources of information. Be sure to keep a record of your sources so that you can cite them in your essay.


3.      Create an essay plan.

Once you have gathered your resources, it is helpful to create an essay plan. This will help you organize your thoughts and ensure your essay is well-structured. Form an essay outline, including all the ideas and points you will discuss in it, while also mentioning in which section you will add your researched facts and information.

4.      Aim for Variety

To improve the quality of your essay and to make it look professional and well-researched, use good English instead of lazy language. This means using a variety of sentence structures and vocabulary. It also means using technical terms and jargon if you are writing on a specific subject, like social sciences, law, marketing, nursing, or any other.


5.      Know your essay’s audience.

When you are writing an essay, it is important to keep your audience in mind. Who are you writing for? What do they already know about your topic? What do you need to tell them? Tailor your essay to your audience and make sure that your writing is clear and concise.


6.      Read Widely

It is one of the most effective ways to improve your essay-writing skills. Read different types of writing, including academic writing, journalistic writing, and creative writing. Pay attention to the style and tone of the writing, as well as the way that the authors use evidence to support their claims.


7.      Quoting, paraphrasing and plagiarism

When writing an essay, it is important to use sources correctly. This means quoting, paraphrasing, and citing your sources properly.

  • Quoting: A quote is a direct copy of text from another source. When you quote a source, be sure to highlight the quoted text with quotation marks and cite the source correctly.
  • Paraphrasing: A paraphrase is a restatement of another source’s text in your own words. When you paraphrase a source, be sure to cite the source correctly.
  • Plagiarism: Plagiarism is the act of using another person’s work without giving them credit. It not only reduces your credibility as a writer but also increases the chances of you failing the assignment.


8.      Using references to support your writing

When writing an essay, using references to support your writing is important. Always cite your sources correctly so your reader can verify the information you are presenting.

There are a number of different referencing styles, such as APA, MLA, and Chicago. The style that you use will depend on the requirements of your assignment.


9.      Evaluate what you’ve written.

Once you have finished writing your essay, it is important to evaluate what you have written. Read your essay carefully and ask yourself the following questions:


  • Does my essay answer the question that I was asked?
  • Is my thesis statement clear and concise?
  • Is my essay well-organized?
  • Do I use evidence to support my claims?
  • Is my writing clear and concise?
  • Are there any grammar or spelling errors?

If you can answer yes to all of these questions, then you have written a good essay.


Section 6. The Dos and Don’ts of Writing an Essay

Want to make your essay even better? Then, this section will tell you all the major dos and don’ts of essay writing so you can get your long coveted A+ grade or college admission and the professor’s praise as a bonus.

Don’t: Plagiarize, Do: Cite Your Sources

Plagiarism is the act of using someone else’s work without giving them credit. This serious offence can result in disciplinary action, such as a failing grade and a tainted reputation.

To avoid plagiarism, be sure to cite your sources correctly. This means providing the author’s name, the title of the source, and the publication information. There are a number of different referencing styles, such as APA, MLA, and Chicago. The style that you use will depend on the requirements of your assignment.


Don’t: Be Vague, Do: Be Specific

Your essay should be clear and concise. Avoid using vague language and generalizations. Instead, be specific and provide concrete examples to support your claims.

For example, instead of saying, “The book was interesting,” you could say, “The book was interesting because it had a well-developed plot and relatable characters.”


Don’t: Overuse Jargon, Do: Explain Jargon

Avoid using jargon unless it is necessary.

If you need to use jargon in your essay, be sure to explain it to your reader. Jargon is a specialized language used by a particular group of people. For example, medical jargon might be used in a medical essay.


Don’t: Use Contractions, Do: Use Formal Language

Essays should be written in formal language. This means avoiding contractions, such as “don’t” and “I’m.” Instead, use the full words, such as “do not” and “I am.”


Don’t: Rely Solely on Personal Opinion. Do: Back Your Claims with Evidence

Your essay should be based on evidence, not just your personal opinion.

Provide facts, statistics, and quotes from experts to support your claims. For example, if you are writing an essay about the benefits of exercise, you could provide statistics about how exercise reduces the risk of heart disease and stroke. You could also quote experts who have studied the effects of exercise on health.


Don’t Ignore Proofreading, Do: Proofread and Edit

Don’t submit your essay without proofreading and editing it carefully. This will help you to catch any grammar, spelling, or punctuation errors.

Be sure to proofread and edit it carefully. This will help you to catch any grammar, spelling, or punctuation errors. You should also check for clarity and conciseness.


Don’t Wait Until the Last Minute, Do: Start Early

It is important to start working on your essay early. This will give you ample time to research your topic, develop your argument, and write a well-crafted essay.


Don’t: Use AI Chatbots. Do: Get Help from a Professional

AI chatbots can be helpful for generating ideas and brainstorming, but they should not be used to write your essay for you. AI chatbots often produce plagiarized, poorly written, and factually inaccurate essays.

If you need help with your essay, consider getting help from a professional editor or tutor. They can aid you in improving your essay writing skills, ensuring that your essay is the best it can be.


Section 7: 20+ Best Essay Writing Topics

Looking for some essay writing topics that are both engaging and challenging? Look no further! Here is a list of 20+ best essay writing topics that you can use for your next essay:


Social issues:

  1. The impact of social media on mental health
  2. The rise of social inequality
  3. The challenges of climate change
  4. The importance of diversity and inclusion
  5. The ethics of artificial intelligence



  1. The benefits of a liberal arts education
  2. The need for reform in the K-12 education system
  3. The value of vocational education
  4. The challenges of online learning
  5. The importance of early childhood education


Science and technology:

  1. The impact of technology on the workplace
  2. The ethics of gene editing
  3. The potential of renewable energy
  4. The challenges of space exploration
  5. The importance of scientific literacy

History and culture:

  1. The legacy of colonialism
  2. The impact of the civil rights movement
  3. The role of the arts in society
  4. The importance of preserving cultural heritage
  5. The challenges of promoting global understanding

Personal experiences:

  1. A time when I overcame a challenge
  2. A person who has had a significant impact on my life
  3. A lesson I have learned from a mistake
  4. A place that is special to me
  5. A dream that I have for the future

These are just a few ideas to get you started. When choosing an essay topic, it is important to choose something that you are interested in and that you have some knowledge about. You should also make sure that the topic is appropriate for the length of the essay and the level of difficulty.


And that’s a wrap!

And with this comes the end of our detailed essay writing guide. We hope you will find this very useful and that you can use this information when writing your essays. If you’d like more help or have any questions, you can always contact British Essay Writers or simply write down in a comment below; we’ll try our best to help you.


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